## Reasoning in Science and Math

The eight Science and Engineering Practices listed in the *Framework for K-12 Science Education* and incorporated into the *Next Generation Science Standards* and the eight Mathematical Practices in the *Common Core State Standards* describe a set of intellectual tools for engaging in and more fully understanding science, engineering and mathematics. The Practices constitute much of what scientists, engineers and mathematicians “do” in the course of carrying out their disciplines. As such, the Practices should be central to what students engage in as they learn in a mathematics or science classroom.

## Common Core Mathematics Practices

## SENSEMAKING (MP1)

Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them

## REASONING (MP2)

Reason abstractly and quantitatively

## ARGUMENTATION (MP3)

Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others

## MATH MODELS (MP4)

Model with mathematics

## STRATEGIC TOOLS (MP5)

Use appropriate tools strategically

## PRECISION (MP6)

Attend to precision

## STRUCTURE (MP7)

Look for and make use of structure

## PATTERNS (MP8)

Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning

## Next Generation Science and Engineering Practices

## ASK QUESTIONS (SEP1)

Asking questions and defining problems

## MODELS (SEP2)

Developing and Using Models

## INVESTIGATIONS (SEP3)

Planning and Carrying Out Investigations

## DATA (SEP4)

Analyzing and Interpreting Data

## COMPUTATION (SEP5)

Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking

## EXPLANATIONS (SEP6)

Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions

## ARGUMENT (SEP7)

Engaging in Argument From Evidence

## COMMUNICATION (SEP8)

Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information